What is Ayurveda?


The word ayurveda comes from two Sanskrit words Ayur and Veda, Ayur meaning life span and Veda complete knowledge. Considered to be the oldest healing science, Ayurveda is a holistic approach to health that is designed to help people live a long, healthy, and well-balanced lives. It has been practiced in India for at least 5,000 years and has recently become increasingly popular in Western cultures. The basic principle of Ayurveda is to prevent and treat illness by maintaining balance in the body, mind, and consciousness through proper diet and lifestyle, as well as the use of herbal preparations.

Each person has a distinct body type, a specific combination of physical, mental, emotional and spiritual characteristics. The three basic elements responsible for the different body types are called the three Doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Everyone has vata, pitta, and kapha, but usually 1 or 2 are dominant in a particular person. Many things can disturb the balance, such as stress, an unhealthy diet, the weather and the seasons, and strained relationships at home or at work. The disturbance shows up as disease. Ayurveda prescribe treatments to bring the doshas back into balance.


Ayurveda recognizes three elements called Doshas. The doshas are responsible for the physical and emotional tendencies in the mind and body, and along with the seven dhatus (tissues) and three malas (waste products) make up the human body. The attributes of the doshas and their specific combination within each individual help determine the individual's physical and mental characteristics, while imbalance among the doshas is the cause of disease.

Vata doshas

Control nervous system, neurotransmitters in the brain, activity and vitality. Control the five senses organs. Vata is dry, light, rough, cold, movable, enthusiasm, alertness, thin, restless, vata predominant people do not maintaining relationships, they are talkative, have an erratic memory, are eating quickly and irregularly. They need rest and regularity in life style.

Vata is situated in small intestine, large intestine, lower body, bladder, private parts, brain.

A balance vata person is enthusiastic, has quick learning ability, good energy, optimistic, making friends easily, Vata control all movements in the body it is the most important Dosha.

An imbalanced vata will produce heart problems, erratic memory, anxiety, hypertension, depression, migraine, dryness, constipation, joint problems, disturbed sleep, nervous disorders, poor assimilation, irregular heartbeat, lower back pain, prostate problem, dry eyes, under weight, shy, insecure, rough skin. Sensitive to cold, Vata aggravated people cannot make decision.

Vata increase naturally between 2am and 6am then again between 2pm and 6pm Vata increases during old age (after 60).

During change of season when weather is unstable or cold and dry

Pungent, bitter and astringent increases Vata.

Pitta Doshas

Control endocrine/hormonal system, metabolism, digestion, transformation.

Pitta dosha is slightly oily, hot, penetrating, it controls complexion, bravery, intelligence, leadership qualities, aggressiveness, pitta people are quick to anger quick to cool down.

Pitta Doshas is mainly found in the middle part of body, stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, red cells, brain.

Balanced Pitta dominating people are brave, intelligent, leader, have a good digestion, good metabolism, they are very practical and organized, happy, glowing, vital.

Imbalance in Pitta will produce ulcers, digestive problems, gall bladder and liver problems, skin complaints, headache, acne, vision problems, anemia, jaundice, anger, perspire a lot. Irritable, impatient, bossy, food allergies, bad breath, very sensitive to heat, weakness due to low blood sugar.

Pitta naturally increases between 10am and 2pm then again between 10pm and 2am After puberty (between 16 and 60 years old).

During summer season

Salty and pungent taste increases Pitta.

Kapha dosha

Control immune system, lubrication of body secretions, stomach lining, sinus. Building tissues and bones.

Kapha Doshas is oily, heavy, stable, smooth, it control patience, courage, kapha dominating people are prone to fat, have a tendency to oversleep.

Kapha dosha is mostly found in upper body, sinuses, nostrils, throat, bronchi, lungs, brain.

Balance kapha people are well built, calm, patient, maintain relationships, romantic. Kapha Doshas protect heart, lubricate all joints.

Imbalanced kaphas create a tendency toward laziness, hypertension, heart diseases, circulatory disorders, diabetes, eczema, asthma, sinusitis, obesity, sinus congestion, water retention, cholesterol, bloated, nausea. Imbalanced kapha people are possessive, materialistic, have dull thinking, no desire.

Kapha dosha naturally increases between 6am and 10am and again between 6pm and 10pm.

Kapha is dominating childhood (from birth till puberty).

During winter, cold and humid

Sweet, sour and salty increases kapha.

Abhyanga : Full body massage done by two therapist in a synchronized way and using large quantity of specifically herbal infused sesame oil for balancing doshas. Improves physical constancy, helps to liquefy toxins, induce relaxation, normalize blood pressure, eliminate impurities

Marma massage : Full body massage done by two therapist in a synchronized way. The specific strokes will stimulate the marma points (energy points) and increase the flow of vital energy in the body. Will stimulate the immune system and increase the resistance of the body to diseases.

Pizichilli : In the past Pizichilli was reserved to Kings and Queens. 5 liters of slightly warm Ayurvedic oils are poured over the body by two Ayurvedic technicians. It has an amazing effect both mentally and physically. Mentally you will feel totally renewed and physically it is the ultimate treatment in liquefying toxins so that the body can expel them. It is an anti ageing treatment, improving blood circulation and strengthening the nerves.

Shirodhara : Luke warm herbal oil poured in an even stream to pacify and revitalize the mind and body. Improves memory, normalize sleep patterns and treat other neurological disorders.

Takradhara : Medicated buttermilk is poured onto the forehead. Brings relief to those who suffer from insomnia, depression, other stress related problems.

Uddvartan : Deep and dry massage using herbal powder on the body. The massage aims to address overweight, certain skin problems, joint mobility. It helps to break down excess subcutaneous fat.

Chakrabasti : A reservoir is built around the navel and specific warm medicated oil is poured and kept 20mn. Restore vital energy flow and awaken the function of each chakra.

Hrudbasti : A reservoir is built around the plexus and specific warm medicated oil is poured and kept 20mn. Pacify emotions and normalize blood pressure.

Katibasti and Greevabasti : A reservoir is built around the lower and upper part of the spine and specific warm medicated oil is poured and kept 20mn. Used to treat back pain and spine disorders.

Yakritbasti : A reservoir is built around the livers and specific warm medicated oil is poured and kept 20mn. Used as an addition to treat diabetes and cholesterol.

Aschutan : A medicated ghee is apply on the eye and kept for 10mn. This therapy has a cooling effect on irritated and stressed eyes. Will relieve eye strain, improve eye sight and treat other eye related disorders.

Patrapotli : Bundles of herb and medicated powder are prepared and used to rub the body. It increases circulation, speeds up elimination of toxins from the body, relieves rheumatism, arthritis.

Parishek : Warm medicated water is poured all over the body. Used to pacify vata Doshas. Will bring peace of mind and relaxation, good for any neurological imbalances.

Pichu : A drop of powerfully concentrated oil is applied on top of the head. Brings deep relaxation to the mind. Good for insomnia, and neurological disorders.

Svedana : After Uddvartan or Abhyanga a short steam bath is given to eliminate toxins through perspiration. Good for overweight people. Removes toxins.

You need to balance Vata if you answer yes to most of the questions:

Is your skin dry, rough, thin?
Are you underweight?
Is your mind constantly in a whirl?
Do you worry incessantly?
Do you experience discomfort in the joints?
Are you easily fatigued?
Are you constantly worried, anxious, overwhelmed?
Do you feel tired but find yourself unable to slow down and relax?
Do you find it difficult to settle down and fall asleep at night? Is your sleep restless when you do manage to fall asleep?
Are your lips raw and chapped? Is your throat constantly dry?
Is your digestion irregular? Do you experience problems with abdominal gas?
Do you feel like you cannot sit still, that you need to be constantly moving?
Do you feel "spaced out"? Is it harder to remember things for more than a short period of time? Is your attention span shorter than usual? Is it harder to focus?
Do your bowel movements occur less than once daily?

You need to balance Pitta if you answer yes to most of the questions:

Do you tend to be demanding or critical?
Are you often frustrated, angry or intense? Are you a perfectionist?
Is your skin ruddy and prone to rashes and eruptions?
Are you often irritable or impatient? Do you often feel frustrated?
Is your hair prematurely gray or thinning?
Do you wake up in the early hour and find it difficult to fall asleep again?
Do you feel discomfort in hot weather?
Do you experience hot flashes?
Do you experience loose bowel movements?
Do you feel obsessed by work or a project, unable to stop for a break?
Is your skin feeling irritated or more sensitive than usual, breaking out or feeling inflamed?
Do you have problems with heartburn or excess stomach acid?
Is your tolerance of other people or provoking situations lower than usual? Do you have temper outbursts over minor aggravations?
Do you feel hot even when you are indoors? Do you feel thirsty all the time? Are your eyes red?

You need to balance Kapha if you answer yes to most of the questions:

Are you often over-settled and lethargic? Do you feel lazy? Do you experience sinus problem? Are your skin and hair oily?
Do you find that you are possessive and over attached?
Do you feel discomfort in cold damp weather?
Do you experience bloating, water retention?
Do you feel stiff and heavy, especially in the morning?
Are you gaining weight easily, even though you feel like you don't really have an appetite?
Do you feel tired even though you are not performing any physical activity?
Do you find it difficult to awake even after long hours of sleep? Do you wake up feeling un-refreshed, tired?
Is your hair oily and streaky even with regular shampooing?
Are you heavy and congested in your throat, head and chest?
Is your digestion slow? Do you feel heavy and lethargic after a meal?
Do you feel like you just want to sit and be a spectator?
Do you feel withdrawn? Is it difficult to deal with change? Do you constantly feel the need to "cling"?

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